European funds are one of the most common issues that arise in the context of the European Union. From the beginning of Poland’s membership in this alliance, we are covered by the system of European funds. Within them, numerous investments related to various issues and regions of the country were financed in Poland. What is the financial support and how can you use it?
Poland remains a member of the European Union from May 1, 2004. Membership in this alliance and community is associated with a number of obligations, but also gives the poorer countries of the Union with a short-term opportunity to support. Financial subsidies, which are allocated for a number of purposes. These include co-financing and stimulation of the development of small enterprises as well. In addition, it is the development of urban and road infrastructure. European funds are discussed in the media and everyday conversations quite often, although – despite the information years organized – we do not know enough about them. How do we define European funds, what do they consist of?
European funds, also known as subsidy funds and EU funds, are a set of terms for European Union financial resources. Their goal is to support the economies of the Member States. In particular, they are to affect the development of poorer regions in the Member States and reduce unemployment. In addition, they also serve to improve the quality of road, air and rail communication, including the infrastructure provided for them. Over the years, Poland was the largest beneficiary of these funds. The largest member state among those who joined the community in the 21st century.
EU funds are mainly allocated to the implementation of cohesion policy, often also referred to as structural or regional policy.
Cohesion policy (structural) is related to the functioning of the European Cohesion Fund (Cohesion Fund) and structural funds. The Cohesion Fund is not formally included in the Structural Funds. The main area of its activity are structural changes that are supposed to lead to cohesion in the social and economic aspect. The Cohesion Fund is targeted at nationwide programs. Structural funds are implemented through regional programs operating within individual given regions.
The goal of cohesion policy is to bring about economic and social conditions in all regions of the European Union.
Financial assistance provided through EU funds is divided into one main core, divided into three categories. This is described in the relevant document on the Cohesion Fund, structural funds, Community initiatives and Community programs.
As part of EU funds, programs with a specific strategy for the given years are regularly created. Most often, they are created on average every 6 years, e.g. 2000 – 2006, 2007 – 2013, 2014-2020 and so on.
In the years 2000 – 2006, a total of about EUR 13 billion was allocated to Poland. In the next 6 years, it was over 67 billion euros. In turn, for the implementation of the next program, which fell in the years 2014-2020, Poland received EUR 82.5 billion. This is the highest amount for co-financing among all Member States.
Funds 2000 – 2006
Funds 2007 – 2013
The main funds supporting the economic development of the Member States in line with the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy (its scope of activities below):
Based on the reform of the structural funds, which came into force in 1989, the following challenges were recognized as the most important tasks:
The Europe 2020 strategy was introduced 8 years ago and thus replaced the Lisbon strategy implemented in 2000-2010. Its basic goal is to strive for the economic growth of the community. In addition, however, care has been taken that this process is balanced and does not favor the strongest economies. Focused, subject theory of knowledge economy based. In addition, it focuses on promoting environment-friendly technologies, economizing resources, creating new jobs and taking care of social cohesion.